What your Child will Learn in Grade Eight
What Your Child Will Learn is an overview of goals and expectations of students throughout the eighth-grade school year. Specific student programs may differ depending on instructional needs.
- Language Arts
- Innovation and Inquiry Program
- Social Studies
- Visual Arts
- Family and Consumer Sciences
- Gifted and Talented (G/T)
- Health Education
- Instructional Technology
- Library Media
- Physical Education
- School Counseling
- Engineering and Technology Education
- World Languages
English Language Arts
English Language Arts classes provide instruction based on the rigorous demands of the Common Core College and Career Readiness Standards that are reflected in HCPSS units that address analysis of genre and theme. Sample units for Grade 8 include:
- Love and friendship.
- Exploring the unknown.
English Language Arts College and Career Readiness (Common Core) Anchor Standards
The Standards address four main categories with sub-topics as outlined below. Specific descriptions of each sub-topic may be found at www.corestandards.org/ELA-Literacy.
Anchor Standards for Reading (literary and informational text)
Students will grow in their ability to comprehend complex text, drawing inferences and making connections between texts.
- Key ideas and details.
- Craft and structure.
- Integration of knowledge and ideas.
- Range of reading and level of text complexity.
Anchor Standards for Writing
Students will write in a variety of modes in response to evidence found in their reading and research.
- Text types and purposes (argument, explanatory, narrative).
- Production and distribution of writing.
- Research to build and present knowledge.
- Range of writing.
Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening
Students will grow in their ability to communicate in formal and informal situations while developing the interpersonal skills required for effective collaboration.
- Comprehension and collaboration.
- Presentation of knowledge and ideas.
Anchor Standards for Language
Students will use language correctly and effectively and grow in their knowledge of content-specific and general academic vocabulary.
- Conventions of Standard English.
- Knowledge of language.
- Vocabulary acquisition and use.
Students complete assignments in a variety of modes, such as:
- Explanatory, including analysis of both print and non-print texts.
- Argument, using evidence to support a claim.
All English Language Arts students maintain writing portfolios in order to assess and enhance their growth as writers.
Reading Seminar Classes
Students who require decoding or comprehension support are enrolled in reading seminar classes. Differentiated instruction is provided in a small group setting. These classes are made available to schools based on student need. Reading seminar classes are offered at each grade level.
English Language Arts Seminar
Students have opportunities to learn and apply reading, writing and language acquisition strategies that connect directly to learning outcomes in English Language Arts 8. The English Language Arts Seminar teacher provides scaffolded instruction in small group settings to ensure students can demonstrate and apply their knowledge of language arts skills and concepts and are successful in the English Language Arts class.
Gifted and Talented
Students address the demands of the English 8 Language Arts Curriculum, as well as specific critical reading, writing and thinking skills necessary for continued success at the high school level. In addition, curriculum compacting allows motivated students to collapse material and benefit from a more student-facilitated classroom. The teacher provides opportunities for students to respond to tasks similar to those on the College Board English Language and Composition Advanced Placement Examination.
Innovation and Inquiry Program
The Inquiry and Innovation Program provides cross-curricular opportunities for students to interact with engaging, relevant, credible and diverse resources as they clarify their own thinking considering fact, opinion, credibility and relevance of sources while making real-world connections. Students interact with different media and ask probing and thoughtful questions. Student curiosity is a pathway for considering possibilities, prompting students to see a reason to conduct inquiry and generate a product. In creating a real-world connection, students learn and practice skills, gather and present information, and solve problems. During each nine-week course, students build a deep understanding of the topic in each specific unit.
The Future of Food
Students address how governmental nutritional guidelines and regional and cultural factors affect food choices.
Students build an understanding of how creative expression, specifically memoirs and poems, provides a venue for writers to understand themselves and respond to the world around them.
Making the Most of High School and Beyond
Students address personal strengths, talents and values and explore the connections between high school curricular offerings and career considerations and pathways.
Boost the Brain
Students develop an understanding of the connections between brain development and adolescent behavior and decision making.
Citizen in Action
Students consider the skills needed to be active, informed citizens who value diversity and promote cultural understanding.
Standards for Mathematical Practice
The Standards for Mathematical Practice describe varieties of expertise that mathematics educators at all levels will seek to develop in their students.
- Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
- Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
- Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
- Model with mathematics.
- Use appropriate tools strategically.
- Communicate mathematical problems and solutions clearly and accurately using appropriate symbols, definitions and degrees of precision.
- Look for and make use of structure.
- Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
The Mathematical Content Standards
The Mathematical Content Standards (Essential Curriculum) that follow are designed to promote a balanced combination of procedure and understanding. Expectations that begin with the word “understand” are often especially good opportunities to connect the mathematical practices to the content. The content standards that set an expectation of understanding are potential points of intersection between the Mathematical Content Standards and the Mathematical Practices.
The Number System and Exponents
Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.
- Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational.
- For rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion, which repeats eventually into a rational number.
- Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to locate irrational numbers approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions.
Work with radicals and integer exponents.
- Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions.
- Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to simple quadratic and cubic equations. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational.
- Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other.
- Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used.
Understand and Apply the Pythagorean Theorem.
- Explain a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.
- Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in right triangles in real-world problems.
- Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system.
Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies or geometry software.
- Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections and translations.
- Understand that a two-dimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections and translations.
- Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates.
- Given two similar two-dimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them.
- Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles.
Analyzing Functions and Equations
Define, evaluate, and compare functions.
- Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output.
- Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions).
Understand the connection between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations.
- Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways.
- Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b.
Define, evaluate and compare functions.
- Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear.
Use functions to model relationships between quantities.
- Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x, y) values.
- Interpret the rate of change and initial value of a linear function in terms of the situation it models, and in terms of its graph or a table of values.
- Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear).
Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.
- Solve linear equations in one variable.
- Give examples of linear equations in one variable with one solution, infinitely many solutions or no solutions.
- Solve linear equations with rational number coefficients, including equations whose solutions require expanding expressions using the distributive property and collecting like terms.
- Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear equations.
- Understand that solutions to a system of two linear equations in two variables correspond to points of intersection of their graphs, because points of intersection satisfy both equations simultaneously.
- Solve systems of two linear equations in two variables algebraically, and estimate solutions by graphing the equations.
- Solve real-world problems leading to two linear equations in two variables.
Patterns of Association
Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.
- Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities.
- For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line.
- Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept.
- Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between two variables.
Volumes of Solid Figures
Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres.
- Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them to solve real-world problems.
Above Grade Level and Gifted and Talented Eighth-Grade
Students enrolled in above-grade level mathematics will be taught the curriculum outlined in Algebra I. Students enrolled in G/T mathematics will be taught the curriculum outlined for Geometry. For more information about the curriculum for these courses, visit http://hcpssfamilymath.weebly.com/.
In a Framework for K–12 Science Education, the overarching goal of science education is that “all students have some appreciation of the beauty and wonder of science; possess sufficient knowledge of science and engineering to engage in public discussions on related issues; are careful consumers of scientific and technological information related to their everyday lives; are able to continue to learn about science outside school; and have the skills to enter careers of their choice, including careers in science, engineering and technology.”
The Howard County Public School System science program is grounded in this vision of science. Throughout the middle school science program, the core ideas and crosscutting concepts of science are taught the practices of science in order to help students develop a deeper and richer scientific literacy. In eighth grade science, students will use the practices of science to investigate the interactions of matter and energy, the energy transformations that occur, and the composition and structure of matter.
Practices of Science and Engineering
Throughout middle school, science students will develop their skills in the practices of science. Each year, students will have many opportunities to apply these skills in laboratory and field investigations as well as long-term projects. These practices, as described in A Framework for K–12 Science Education, include:
- Ask and refine questions that lead to descriptions and explanations of how the natural and designed world works, and which can be tested based on observation and experimentation.
- Use and construct models as helpful tools for representing ideas and explanations, including diagrams, drawings, physical replicas, mathematical representations, analogies and computer simulations.
- Plan and carry out investigations in the field or laboratory—working collaboratively as well as individually—that are systematic and require clarifying data and identifying variables and parameters.
- Produce data that must be analyzed in order to derive meaning using a range of tools to identify the significant features and patterns in the data, identify sources of error in the investigations, and calculate the degree of certainty in the results.
- Represent physical variables and their relationships using the fundamental tools of mathematics and computation for a range of tasks such as constructing simulations, statistically analyzing data, and recognizing, expressing and applying quantitative relationships.
- Construct theories that provide explanatory accounts of the world.
- Reason and argue based on evidence to identify the best explanation for a natural phenomenon or the best solution to a design problem.
- Communicate verbally and in writing, in a clear and persuasive manner, the ideas and methods generated during experimentation.
Science learning equips students to address the following four essential questions as identified within the Next Generation Science Standards.
- How do atomic and molecular interactions explain the properties of matter that we see and feel?
- How can one describe physical interactions between objects and within systems of objects?
- How can energy be transferred from one object or system to another?
- What are the characteristic properties of waves and how can they be used?
The learning sequence in science is organized around a series of driving questions that provide the context and motivation for learning. Within each driving question, students engage in a series of unique learning experiences that are carefully designed to immerse them in science and engineering practices as they construct their understanding of important concepts. These experiences are carefully sequenced so that students encounter ideas that are developmentally and cognitively appropriate. By the end of their learning experiences, students will be able to meet the Next Generation Science Standards performance expectations and address the driving questions.
Middle School Physical Science Grade 8 is organized around three Driving Questions:
- How do scientists work together to design and build vehicles that meet specific criteria?
- How do scientists utilize energy and changes in energy to design solutions to problems?
- How do scientists work together to understand and improve air quality?
Gifted and Talented Science Program
In the G/T science program in eighth grade, students delve more deeply and independently into the content and practices of science by addressing additional learning objectives and completing in-depth research. Students use creative problem-solving techniques to create and implement an experiment to investigate a testable hypothesis. The research is embedded within the curriculum and conducted over an extended period of time to allow for authentic data collection and analysis.
This is the first part of a two-year program in United States History. This program provides opportunities for students to develop an understanding of historical skills, concepts and content related to the history of our nation. This course also provides valuable background information to prepare students for American Government in Grade 10. There are countywide local assessments administered quarterly.
Social Studies Skills
These skills and others are embedded throughout the curriculum:
- Map reading, construction and interpretation.
- Spatial analysis and interpretation.
- Historical thinking skills.
- Problem solving/critical thinking
- Roles, rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
- Strategic reading of social studies text.
- Economic decision-making.
- Explanatory and argument writing.
- Information literacy
- Analysis and evaluation of primary and secondary sources.
- Data analysis and interpretation.
There are four units in eighth grade social studies. What follows is a summary of some of the key objectives.
Unit I: The Historical Process and The Road To Independence
- Identify and locate the original thirteen British colonies.
- Explain how the geography of these regions led to political, economic and cultural differences.
- Define mercantilism and explain its impact on the American colonies.
- Explain the increase of slave labor in the British colonies.
- Give examples how events in Europe precipitated the struggle for empire in North America.
- Explain how the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution.
- Examine 18th century British economic and political policies towards the American colonies and American reaction to these policies to explain reasons for American independence.
- Summarize the content of the Declaration of Independence.
- Examine the Declaration of Independence as a rationale for revolution and a statement of American principles of government.
Unit II: Forging a New Nation
- Evaluate the preparedness of the American and British on the eve of the American Revolution.
- Describe the roles of key political and military leaders during the War for Independence.
- Analyze the views, lives and contributions of ordinary Americans during the War for Independence.
- Explain key events of the American War for Independence.
- Describe the role of geography and economics in the American victory.
- Identify the results and give the importance of the Treaty of Paris.
- Identify the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
- Determine the reasons for the initial experimentation with a confederal form of government.
- Identify and explain several key compromises that were made in the drafting of The Constitution.
- Summarize the content and structure of the Constitution including the Preamble, the Articles and the Bill of Rights.
- Explain the principles of government incorporated in the Constitution.
- Analyze the Federalist and Anti-Federalist arguments for and against the ratification of the Constitution.
- Contrast the basic differences between strict and loose interpretation of the Constitution.
- Analyze contemporary issues that demonstrate the evolutionary nature of the Constitution.
Unit III: Growth of a Nation
- Identify and describe the difficulties and the major accomplishments of the George Washington and John Adams administrations.
- Explain how the continuing conflict between Great Britain and France influenced the domestic and foreign policy in the United States.
- Compare the political and economic differences between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans.
- Trace the roots of nullification as exemplified in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions.
- Assess how Marbury v. Madison strengthened the role of the judiciary.
- Explain the steps taken by the Jefferson Administration and Congress to maintain American neutrality and evaluate the success of these actions.
- Analyze the views, lives and contributions of ordinary Americans during the second war for American independence.
- Explain the factors that brought about the Monroe Doctrine, and analyze the impact of the Monroe Doctrine on United States foreign policy.
- Evaluate factors that contributed to the growing sectionalism in the early 19th century.
- Identify the changes in the American political system during the Jacksonian Era.
- Assess the impact of Jacksonian policies on Native Americans.
Unit IV: A Union in Disunion
- Compare regional differences between the North and South.
- Explain the relationship between westward expansion and deepening North-South conflict.
- Analyze the experiences of free and enslaved African Americans in the United States in the early to mid 1800s.
- Examine the reasons used to either oppose or support slavery in American in the early to mid 19th century.
- Describe the various efforts towards reform of American society.
- Identify and describe events that increased sectional hostility. Evaluate the role the Supreme Court played concerning the institution of slavery in America in the early to mid 1800s.
- Explain how the results of the 1860 election prompted secession by southern states.
- Analyze the views, lives and contributions of ordinary Americans during the American Civil War.
- Explain and give the significance of key events of the American Civil War.
- Describe the role of geography and economics in the Union victory.
- Compare the goals and policies of the various Reconstruction plans.
- Explain how the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments expanded African American civil rights through abolition, the granting of citizenship and the right to vote.
- Describe the legal and illegal actions used to deny African Americans civil rights after the Civil War.
- Explain why the Election of 1876 marked the end of the Reconstruction Era.
- Assess the success of Reconstruction.
Gifted and Talented
Students in G/T complete “G/T Research investigations” during the school years. These investigations are grounded in the content of particular units and may take the form of teacher-developed historical or geographical research, district-developed performance assessment tasks, or district approved Document Based Questions. Optionally, students may participate in the National History Day program.
The Office of Secondary Social Studies supports several special programs available for middle school students. The History Day Competition is a local, state and national competition that promotes historical inquiry, knowledge and understanding among secondary school students. History Day encourages the development of research skills, the analysis and interpretation of primary and secondary source materials, and the opportunity for creative expression. HCPSS sponsors a large regional competition each year that includes up to 300 students from our public and private schools. This program is typically integrated as part of the curricular program, but is dependent upon school interest. The Black Saga Competition is a statewide competition that challenges student knowledge about the African American experience. Middle and elementary schools from across the state compete for prizes and awards. This event is very dependent upon school interest and community support, as it is an extracurricular program.
Apply a variety of strategies, concepts and media to:
- Generate and elaborate on ideas for personal expression in the production of art.
- Experiment with a variety of tools, materials, processes, techniques and ideas to organize knowledge in the production of art.
- Give and receive feedback/constructive criticism and persevere in the refinement of personal solutions to artwork.
- Analyze and defend personal choices and selection of objects or artwork for presentation or exhibition.
- Examine how and why people collect, present and preserve objects and ideas that have personal, cultural or historical meaning.
- Perceive, interpret and respond to ideas, experiences and the environment through visual arts.
- Analyze and interpret influences, intent and meaning in works of art.
- Evaluate artwork based on select criteria.
- Connect personal experiences and knowledge to art making.
- Understand art as an essential aspect of history and the human experience.
When exiting middle school, students will be able to:
- Apply a variety of media, strategies and concepts to generate innovative ideas to solve art problems.
- Maintain collection of ideas that demonstrate personal engagement and growth.
- Recognize and apply the complex nature, power and history of art to connect to others, to tell stories, to record what is seen, to relate personal ideas or to make visible what is imagined.
- Be comfortable with and apply a variety of strategies when there is no clear path or solution to a problem.
- Work within given limitations to solve complex art problems.
- Generate personally meaningful solutions.
- Persevere in problem solving by evaluating work in-progress to identify areas in need of improvement and alternative solutions.
- Collaborate with peers to arrive at consensus and solutions.
Family and Consumer Sciences
Food and Nutrition
- Discuss the short and long term benefits and risks associated with eating choices.
- Create guidelines for making healthier eating choices at fast food and quick serve restaurants.
- Analyze a record of his/her diet in order to evaluate food choices and potential health outcomes.
- Examine how the features of geographic and cultural regions, including climate, social systems, religious practices and physical geography, influence food choice, food customs and food staples.
- Prepare and serve traditional foods from a range of cultural/ethnic regions, demonstrating knowledge of global cuisines and food customs.
- Apply knowledge of nutrition and skills in food preparation, kitchen management, safety and sanitation in the preparation of healthy and appealing meals and snacks.
- Describe and demonstrate recipe terms and techniques related to cutting, mixing and cooking ingredients.
- Modify recipes to meet nutrition outcomes including reduction in fats, sugars and sodium and increases in fiber, calcium and nutrients.
- Examine career options with an emphasis on those in the food services and hospitality industries.
- Apply financial literacy reasoning in order to make informed, financially responsible decisions.
- Relate choices regarding their education and career paths to earning potential.
- Develop skills to plan and manage money effectively by identifying financial goals and developing spending plans.
- Develop skills to make informed decisions about incurring debt and maintaining creditworthiness.
- Develop skills to plan and achieve long-term goals related to saving and investing in order to build financial security and wealth.
- Develop financial planning skills to minimize financial setbacks.
Gifted and Talented
The G/T Program provides a continuum of services in addition to G/T classes. Middle School G/T Resource Teachers instruct students who participate in the G/T Writers Guild, G/T instructional seminars, and research investigations
Safety, First Aid and Injury Prevention
- Critique strategies for prevention and intervention of safety issues.
- Summarize strategies for the prevention and intervention of child abuse.
- Describe components of healthy relationships.
- Describe strategies for the prevention and intervention of harassment, to include sexual harassment.
- Choose conflict resolution skills to prevent violence.
Social and Emotional Health
- Examine sources of stress.
- Examine the effects of stress to include depression and suicide.
- Examine coping and intervention strategies for stress, depression and suicide.
- Construct healthy strategies for managing stress, depression and suicide.
- Describe the components of sexuality to include biological, psychological, cultural and ethical.
- Review the anatomy and physiology of the male and female reproductive system.
- Describe the prevention, symptoms and treatment of STIs, to include HIV/AIDS.
- Describe various contraceptives and their effectiveness in reducing the risk of pregnancy.
- Define “sexual health.”
- Identify sources of support for sexual health.
- Identify behaviors that support sexual health.
Tobacco, Alcohol and Other Drugs
- Distinguish between healthy and unhealthy use of prescription and over-the-counter drugs.
- Analyze the physical, psychological, social, economic and legal consequences of drug abuse.
- Demonstrate skills that promote a personal commitment to remain drug free.
Technology Operations and Concepts
- Describe technology in appropriate language.
- Demonstrate fundamental computer operations.
- Demonstrate proficient use of input and output devices.
- Manage files by saving them in different formats, organizing files and folders, and saving files to external drives and servers.
- Explore the nature of assistive technology devices.
- When researching, list appropriate copyrighted electronic sources.
- Explain how technology affects the individual and society.
- Respect information privacy, using and altering information only when authorized.
- Abide by copyright laws involving software use and Internet files.
- Practice safe, legal and responsible use of information and technology.
Communication and Collaboration
- Improve productivity using appropriate keyboarding techniques.
- Design and develop desktop publishing products, such as newsletters and brochures, that incorporate text and graphics to prepare and present content-related information.
- Collect, organize, manipulate and analyze data using appropriate software.
- Create word processing documents using formatting features such as tabs, margin adjustments, page orientation, justification, columns, headers, footers and page numbers to communicate ideas.
- Collaborate with peers, experts and others by using telecommunications to investigate curriculum-related problems, issues and information.
- Recognize technology’s role in telecommunication.
- Use various media and formats for multiple purposes.
- Communicate curriculum concepts to design, develop, publish and present multimedia products such as web pages, interactive presentations and digital video products.
Research and Information Fluency
- Identify, obtain and use information from electronic data sources such as databases and the Internet.
Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision Making
- Solve real world problems using technology as a tool.
- Make informed decisions using technology as a tool.
Creativity and Innovation
- Demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge and develop innovative products and processes using technology.
- Identify information needs.
- Create, refine and use criteria to guide the research process.
- Follow systematic problem-solving steps using the Big6 process.
Locate and Evaluate Resources and Sources
- Identify and use a wide variety of resources.
- Use the library media center’s catalog to locate sources to meet the information need.
- Evaluate potential sources for the information need.
- Use text features to select appropriate sources.
- Identify and follow the district’s Policy 8080: Responsible Use of Technology and Social Media.
- Learn to use safe practices online.
Find, Generate, Record and Organize Data/Information
- Use keywords for finding answers to questions.
- Utilize effective search strategies for collecting relevant information from sources.
- Use technology tools to find, record and organize data/information within sources.
- Differentiate between fact and opinion.
- Avoid plagiarism by correctly recording relevant information and keeping track of sources used.
- Use a variety of formats for recording and organizing data/information.
- Create a source list using an accepted citation style.
- Match appropriate format with content to be organized.
Interpret Recorded Data/Information
- Identify the main ideas of recorded information.
- Apply critical thinking and problem-solving strategies.
- Create new understandings and knowledge related to the information need.
- Use a variety of formats to share information learned.
- Apply fair use, copyright laws and Creative Commons attributions.
- Reflect on and provide feedback about the research process and the information product.
Literature Appreciation and Lifelong Learning
- Read, listen to, view, and discuss stories that reflect human experiences.
- Make literature connections to self, to other literature, to multimedia, and to the world.
- Use libraries for personal or assigned needs.
- Utilize library circulation procedures and policies to access reading materials.
- Locate and select literature and/or multimedia in a variety of genres.
- Recognize the connection between reading and being a lifelong learner.
Perceiving, Performing and Responding
Students will demonstrate the ability to perceive, perform and respond to music.
- Evaluate application of the elements of music and characteristics of musical sounds as they are used in a variety of genres and styles representative of world cultures.
- Develop the skills needed in the performance of music in general, vocal and instrumental settings.
- Respond to music through movement.
- Read standard notation and apply it to the performance of music.
Historical, Cultural and Social Context
Students will demonstrate an understanding of music as an essential aspect of history and human experience.
- Describe how musical expression reflects social, political and ethical issues.
- Determine factors that influence musicians in specific historical eras and places.
- Identify and explain the relationship of music to dance, theatre, the visual arts and other disciplines.
- Identify and distinguish between and among significant styles and genres in music history representative of world cultures.
Creative Expression and Production
Students will demonstrate the ability to organize musical ideas and sounds creatively.
- Explore musical ideas through simple improvisations.
- Preserve musical ideas through simple compositions and arrangements.
Aesthetics and Criticism
Students will demonstrate the ability to make aesthetic judgements.
- Evaluate selected musical compositions using established criteria.
- Formulate, apply and communicate criteria for evaluating personal performances and the performances of others.
Motor Skills and Movement Patterns
- Passes and receives objects while running, changing directions and speeds with competency, in a small-sided game.
- Dribbles with dominant and non-dominant hands and feet while in a small-sided game.
- Strikes an object with an implement into open space in a small-sided game.
Concepts and Strategies
- Executes at least three of the following offensive tactics to create open space: moves to open space without ball, uses a variety of passes and fakes, or uses a give and go with partner.
- Transitions from offense to defense or defense to offense by recovering quickly, communicating with classmates and capitalizing on advantages.
- Reduces space in the field by working with classmates to maximize coverage.
Physical Activity and Fitness
- Identifies the five components of health-related fitness and explains the connection between fitness and overall physical health.
- Understands the importance of participating in a variety of self-selected aerobic fitness activities outside of school such as walking, jogging, biking, skating, dancing and swimming.
Personal and Social Behavior
- Accepts responsibility for improving one’s own levels of fitness.
- Responds appropriately to participants’ ethical and unethical behaviors during physical activity.
Recognizes Value of Physical Activity
- Develops a physical activity plan of action and makes appropriate decisions based on present level of fitness.
- Discusses how enjoyment could be increased in self-selected physical activities.
- Demonstrates respect for self by asking for help and helping others in various settings.
- Identify personal strengths and develop skills necessary to set and achieve academic goals.
- Identify graduation requirements to understand the academic preparation essential to choose from a wide range of substantial post-secondary options, including college.
- Identify personal strengths, skills, interests, and abilities, and relate them to possible career options.
- Select high school course work that is related to career interests.
- Apply knowledge of personal strengths to increase healthy decision making and positive peer interactions.
Engineering and Technology Education
Students will develop an understanding of how technological systems work together to solve problems. Students participate in engineering design activities to understand how criteria, constraints and processes affect design. Brainstorming, visualization, modeling, constructing, testing and refining designs provide firsthand opportunities for students to understand technological systems. Students will also develop skills in researching for information, communicating design information, and reporting results.
The Nature of Technology
- Explain the nature, characteristics and scope of technology.
- Explain the core concepts of technology.
- Explain the relationships among technologies and the connections between technology and other fields of study.
Impacts of Technology
- Assess the impacts of products and systems.
- Describe the cultural, social, economic and political effects of technology.
- Examine the effects of technology on the environment.
The Engineering Design and Development Process
- Outline the attributes of design.
- Examine engineering design.
- Apply the design process.
- Select and use tools and equipment correctly and safely.
Core Technologies, Building Blocks of the Designed World
- Explain the functioning and applications of core technologies applied in common technology systems.
- Investigate materials technology.
Major Enterprises that Produce the Goods and Services of the Designed World
- Understand information and communication technologies.
World Languages (French or Spanish)
Communicate in French or Spanish
- Talk about pastimes, leisure activities, sports and places to go around town.
- Describe meals and order items in a café.
- Describe clothing and sports equipment.
- Talk about daily chores.
- Describe rooms and furniture in the house.
- Talk about pastimes, leisure activities, sports and places to go around town.
- Order food in a restaurant.
- Describe family members and pets.
- Talk about daily chores.
- Describe rooms and furniture in the house.
- Describe clothing and accessories.
- Comprehend simple daily conversations on familiar topics by using authentic recordings, broadcasts and videos.
- Determine meaning of words based on context cues, cognates, word derivatives and use of other resources.
- Use before, during and after strategies to gain comprehension of both written and spoken language.
- Apply the writing traits components to compose in a variety of formats.
- Compose and deliver formal oral presentations in the target language.
Gain Knowledge and Understanding of Other Cultures
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of another people’s way of life and the relationship between their patterns of behavior and the underlying beliefs and values that guide their lives.
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the relationship between the products and beliefs and values of the cultures that use the target language.
Connect with Other Disciplines and Acquire Information
Reinforce and further knowledge of other disciplines through the world language.
Apply the Big6 process to access and use information from sources in the target language.
Develop Insight Into the Nature of Language and Culture
Examine elements of the target language and comparable elements in English.
Compare concepts of the cultures studied with one’s own.
Participate in Multilingual Communities
- Use the language both within and beyond the school setting.
- Use the language for personal enjoyment and enrichment as a lifelong learner.